Studying the material remains of past human life and activities may not seem important or exciting to the average Joe unlike the biological sciences.
But archaeology’s aim to understand mankind is a noble endeavor that goes beyond uncovering buried treasures, gathering information, and dating events.
In other words, artifacts found in the upper layers of a site will have been deposited more recently than those found in the lower layers.
Cross-dating of sites, comparing geologic strata at one site with another location and extrapolating the relative ages in that manner, is still an important dating strategy used today, primarily when sites are far too old for absolute dates to have much meaning.
Archaeologists use many different techniques to determine the age of a particular artifact, site, or part of a site.
Two broad categories of dating or chronometric techniques that archaeologists use are called relative and absolute dating.
In archaeological sites, natural and human-generated materials occur together in layers.History, anthropology, and archaeology are three distinct but closely related bodies of knowledge that tell man of his present by virtue of his past.Historians can tell what cultures thrived in different regions and when they disintegrated.Application of this method of age determination is limited to those periods of pottery and fired clay availability ( from about 6000 BC to the present). 50 Denison Drive Guilford, CT 06437 (203) 453-3299 University of Hawai'i Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology 2525 Correa Road Honolulu, HI 96822 (808) 956-8761 FAX (808) 956-3188 University of Washington Luminescence Laboratory, DH-05 Seattle, WA 98195 (206) 543-1506 FAX (206) 543-3285 American Council of Independent Laboratories 1629 K Street, NW Washington, DC 20006 (202) 887-5872 FAX (202)887-0021 E-mail: [email protected] of independent testing, research and inspection laboratories. 101 West Edison Avenue, Suite 250 Appleton, WI 54915 (920) 749-3040 FAX (920) 749-3046 Testing and analysis for the pulp, paper, and allied industries. FAO/IAEA International Symposium on Managing Soils for Food Security and Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation, Vienna, Austria 23-27 July 2012 Hua, Quan. Radiocarbon: A chronological tool for the recent past.Radiocarbon WEB-info Provides a large international listing of laboratories that do radiocarbon dating; information on radiocarbon dating; publications and references; and educational materials. The Smithsonian Institution, Museum Conservation Institute (MCI), gives no endorsements for any products, materials or services mentioned in this pamphlet and is not responsible for problems from their use or misuse.