Can a space-age technology help crack the secrets of barely legible writings from ancient Egypt?
Excavated from a long-buried city, a half-million papyri fragments now sit in a vault at Oxford University.
(Correspondent): In these vaults, on these shelves, in these boxes at Oxford University, ancient clues—2,000 years old—to a glorious human past; wrapped in printed paper, fragments of ancient paper, pieces of the D. The stuff is really quite durable, in a way, more durable than the paper you're used to taking notes on today.
What papyrologists really needed was this—an equivalent to Superman's x-ray vision—a way to see through whatever was on the surface of papyri—ancient food stains, burn marks, mummy paint—see through to the writing underneath.
The written reproductions are described under CODEX ALEXANDRINUS and similar articles.
See also BIBLICAL CRITICISM in the latter part of which article will be found an explanation of the critical nomenclature of Bible codices and the symbols by which they are denoted.
This one is unusual for including many scenes of animals interacting with the human world, from the noble lady out hawking with her servants to a knight on horseback abducting a tiger cub.The translations of the Bible will be treated under the title VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE.Since the original text of the Bible was written in Hebrew or Greek (the original Aramaic portions can for the present purpose be considered as coincident with the Hebrew), our study of its printed reproductions naturally considers first the editions of the Hebrew text, and secondly those of the Greek.As the ancient Greek scientist Archimedes is said to have said from his bath: Eureka!It's called multispectral imaging, a technology developed by NASA to "see through" clouds of gas in space. The project today: see if multispectral imaging can help scholars at the University of California at Berkeley read part of an account of the Trojan War, by the poet Dictys of Crete, a part obscured by a large reddish stain.