In the 1980s the rapid decline of the Yugoslav economy led to widespread public dissatisfaction with the .That attitude, together with the manipulation of nationalist feelings by politicians, destabilized Yugoslav politics. In early 1990, multiparty elections were held in Slovenia and Croatia.
We can say -- and it is undeniable -- that blame lies, first and foremost, with those who planned and carried out the massacre, or who assisted them, or who harboured and are harbouring them still.
At a press conference after preliminary results were announced on October 3, Dodik told journalists that his policy of defending the existence of Republika Srpska (an entity of Bosnia-Herzegovina) had been his winning card, and that people recognized who would betray them and who would protect them.
Just before the press conference, a journalist spotted Dodik on the phone and asked whom he was speaking with.
But Dodik presented the dispute as a threat to Republika Srpska's very existence, energizing his nationalist base and propelling him to a resounding victory.
(The head of the leading opposition party in Republika Srpska has already announced that he is thinking of resigning.) Dodik's referendum meant that wartime rhetoric dominated the media during the campaign ahead of Bosnia's local elections, entrenching nationalist feeling in Bosnia's other entity, the Muslim-Croat Federation.