In addition, they provide a smooth functioning payment system that allows financial and real resources to flow relatively freely to their highest return uses.They are also a back up source of liquidity for any sector in the economy in temporar y difficulty. Yours faithfully, Sd/-(B Mahapatra)Chief General Manager MASTER CIRCULAR1. 1.2 Essentially, under the above system the balance sheet assets, non-funded items and other off-balance sheet exposures are assigned weights according to the prescribed risk weights and banks have to maintain unimpaired minimum capital funds equivalent to the prescribed ratio on the aggregate of the risk weighted assets and other exposures on an ongoing basis. BC.20/ / 2003- 2004September 2, 2003Chief Executives of all Scheduled Commercial Banks(excluding RRBs and LABs)Dear Sir, Master Circular- Prudential Norms on Capital Adequacy Please refer to the Master Circular No. This Master Circular is a compilation of all the instructions contained in the circulars issued by RBI on the above subject, which are operational as on the date of this circular. General1.1 With a view to adopting the Basle Committee framework on capital adequacy norms which takes into account the elements of risk in various types of assets in the balance sheet as well as off-balance sheet business and also to strengthen the capital base of banks, Reserve Bank of India decided in April 1992 to introduce a risk asset ratio system for banks (including foreign banks) in India as a capital adequacy measure.The broad details of the capital adequacy framework are detailed below.2.Capital funds2.1 Capital funds of Indian banks For Indian banks, 'capital funds' would include the following elements:2.1.1 Elements of Tier I capital2.1.2 Equity investments in subsidiaries, intangible assets and losses in the current period and those brought forward from previous periods, should be deducted from Tier I capital.2.1.3 In the case of public sector banks which have introduced Voluntary Retirement Scheme (VRS), in view of the extra-ordinary nature of the event, the VRS related Deferred Revenue Expenditure would not be reduced from Tier I capital.What is the concept of a ‘designated Authorised Dealer’?
Whether the rollover of guarantee, which has already been issued on behalf of the overseas JV / WOS / step down subsidiary, may be allowed under the automatic route wherein there is change in the end use of the facility or the overseas lender or the coupon (interest) rate or the amount?
6.1 Commercial banks undertake a wide variety of activities, which play a critical role in the economy of a country.
They pool and absorb risks for depositors and provide a stable source of investment and working capital funds to various sectors of the economy.
These elements have the capacity to absorb unexpected losses and can be included in capital, if they represent accumulations of post-tax profits and not encumbered by any known liability and should not be routinely used for absorbing normal loss or operating losses.
Cumulative perpetual preference shares should be fully paid-up and should not contain clauses which permit redemption by the holder.ii) These reserves often serve as a cushion against unexpected losses, but they are less permanent in nature and cannot be considered as ‘Core Capital’.